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Білет № 15 Відповіді на білети. Англійська мова

14.04.2010

Ви берете участь у роботі літературного гуртка своєї школи. Розкажіть про свого улюбленого поета, дайте коротку характеристику його творчості. The roots of Ukrainian culture lie deep in the history of the nation. Having gone through centuries of hard and sometimes tragic developments, it is still alive in the hearts of people, in their customs, traditions and folklore. It is also truthfully reflected in the works of literature and art based on the best national traditions.

Ukrainian literature is extremely rich in poets and writers. The best of them drew inspiration not from the picturesque nature of Ukraine, but also from the heroic history of the people, and from its customs and national traditions.

Taras Shevchenko, Ivan Franko, Lesya Ukrainka, and Vassil Stefanic are dear to us because their literary works, apart from being highly artistic, carry the message of humanism and love for our native land.

On the 9th of March, 1814 in the village of Moryntsy Kiyivsky region T. Shev-chenko was born in a poor serf family. His childhood was very hard, but from early childhood little Taras was fond of reading, painting and listening to his grandfather’s stories about the heroic past of the Ukrainian people. He liked to draw pictures, and his first teacher was the artist who lived in that village. He wanted to study very much but he had to work. When Taras was nine, his mother died, and at the age of eleven he became an orphan.

When Taras was fourteen years old. his teacher took him as a houseboy to Vilno (Vilnius). There, for the first time in his life, he heard foreign speech. Then his teacher took Taras to Petersburg where Karl Bryullov, a Russian artist, noticed Shevchenko’s talent and bought him out serfdom. From 1838 to 1845 Shevchenko was a student at the Academy of Arts. He drew many beautiful pictures there, but his second and main calling was poetry.

Taras Shevchenko wrote his poems in Ukrainian and his prose both in Ukrainian and in Russian. In 1840 he published his first book, «Kobzar», and a year later «Haidamaki», a historical poem about the heroic struggle of the Ukrainian peasants against the polish lords in 1768.

In 1844 the poet wrote his satirical poem, «A Dream», for which Nicolas 1 exiled him to the Kazakh steppes to serve as a private in the army. His friends helped Shevchenko to return from exile in 1857. He resumed work in the Academy and continued to write, but ten years of exile had ruined the poet’s health, and on March, 10, 1861 he died. The poet’s grave, as he willed, is on a high Dniper bank in Kaniv not far from the village where he was born.

Every year on the 9th and 10th of March we celebrate Shevchenko’s days. It is a great festival for our nation. Taras Shevchenko is a great Ukrainian poet, a famous artist and a great thinker. He is famous for his collection of poems, «Kobzar». This book is dear to every Ukrainian. In his poems Shevchenko portrayed the beauty of his native land and the oppression and sufferings of Ukrainian poor people. His poems have been translated into more than sixty, languages. There are many monuments to T. Shevchenko and we learn and read his poems with great pleasure. There is a portrait of T. Shevchenko in almost every Ukrainian home. His «Kobzar» has become our national bible.

  • Bible — Біблія
  • serf — прислужницька
  • orphan — сирота

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